Author: Jermaine Parsons

Concrete – Powerful, Durable and Versatile

Concrete Contractors Colorado Springs is so ubiquitous that we often don’t consider it a material. But it is powerful, durable, and versatile. No other material exemplifies the transformation of culture into economy as much as concrete. It spawned brutalist structures but also helped create the sleek, modernist buildings of Le Corbusier and Oscar Niemeyer.


Concrete combines coarse and fine aggregates, mineral admixtures, water, cement paste, and sometimes fly ash. The cement serves as a binder, holding the other ingredients together. It also hardens to become a strong and durable material when it dries. In construction, it is poured into forms to create structures such as walls, floors, and roads. Getting the mix right before rushing is important to ensure a good result.

The mixing process is done either by hand or with machine. Hand mixing involves placing dry ingredients on a flat surface and adding water to form fresh concrete. Machine mixing is usually more efficient for larger productions, allowing the concrete to be discharged quickly.

Once the concrete is mixed, it must be transported to the construction site where it will be used. This can be accomplished in various ways depending on the quantity needed, the distances involved, and other project specifics. Large amounts are often transported by truck or poured out of a mixer into formwork for structural elements. Smaller quantities can be carried in a wheelbarrow, bucket, or toggle bag.

A quick field test to determine the consistency of concrete is to pick up a handful and squeeze it tightly. If the concrete is properly mixed, it will hold its shape and not crumble under pressure.

It is also important to note that concrete should be mixed for the correct duration. A long mixing time will lead to poor results. It is suggested that the proper mix should be aerated for 3 minutes to make sure all ingredients are evenly combined. Then, the concrete should be left to rest for 1 minute before checking again.

Some concrete producers have determined the proper mixing time by performing lab tests on cylinders and cubes. This process is called mix design and helps find the best proportions for a desired strength. Other researchers have tried to measure the homogeneity of concrete by analyzing the distribution of various solid constituents in the concrete as it was discharged from the mixer. Johansson found that a concrete mixture’s uniformity increased with the mixing duration up to a point and reached a plateau (see Fig. 5.2).

Concrete is one of the most indispensable building materials, and to make it last long, it needs to be placed correctly. In addition to ensuring that the mix is properly designed, batched, mixed, and transported, the site preparation process, formwork, and reinforcement placement are crucial to the success of a project.

During the preparation process, the job site must be cleared of obstructions, excavation work must be done to create a suitable foundation, grading and stabilizing the soil, and utilities and services must be connected to prepare for construction. Once these steps have been taken, the concrete can be placed.

Once the concrete has been mixed, it is pumped to the desired location on the job site in a controlled manner. Using the right equipment can help ensure that concrete is properly placed and there are no problems in this process. This is especially important if you are working on a large-scale concrete project that requires multiple substantial lifts to be placed quickly.

The equipment that is used to place concrete should be able to ensure that there is a virtually continuous flow during depositing without segregation of the different concrete ingredients. Ideally, the concrete should be placed in successive horizontal layers that are uniform in thickness and deposited before the previous layer stiffens to avoid the formation of cold joints or planes of weakness. It is also important to use efficient communication between the concrete pump operator and the team that is placing the concrete to prevent any mishaps that could compromise the quality of the finished product.

Once the concrete has been deposited, it is usually compacted mechanically to eliminate any entrapped air voids and ensure intimate, complete contact with the forms and reinforcement. Most concrete is now consolidated by the use of a powered internal vibrator, which can be adjusted to match the slump of the particular mix to minimize the amount of desirable entrained air that is lost during the consolidation process. For thin slabs, however, a mechanical surface vibrator may be more effective since it can be placed directly against the formwork and reinforcement.

The curing process gives concrete strength, durability, and long life. Curing occurs after concrete placement and finishing and involves maintaining the desired moisture and temperature conditions throughout the substantial section depth for extended periods. It also protects the concrete from environmental factors such as wind, sun, and rainfall that can influence surface hydration and thermal cracking.

The main function of curing is to maintain adequate water content in the concrete-section depth and to control the water loss from the surface of the concrete that can cause plastic shrinkage cracks. Curing is especially important in areas with high sunshine exposure or large surfaces compared to the depth, such as roads and airport pavements, canal linings, bridge decks, and cooling towers.

There are many ways to cure concrete, and each has its advantages. The most common methods include water, membrane, and insulating blanket curing. Water curing uses sprayers or sprinklers to moisten the concrete and prevent evaporation. Membrane curing uses a liquid membrane such as bitumen emulsion, rubber latex emulsion, or wax to form an effective barrier against water vapor. Insulating blanket curing is an economical way to maintain the moisture in concrete and reduce drying.

In addition to maintaining a constant moisture level, the concrete must be kept at a constant temperature throughout the concrete-section depth. This is crucial because the chemical reaction that forms the concrete is an exothermic process that produces heat. If the concrete gets too cold, the hydration process slows and may not occur at all. On the other hand, if the concrete becomes too hot, it can develop stress cracks because the hydration cannot keep up with the strain being applied to it.

Properly cured concrete is strong, durable, and resistant to abrasion, freezing, thawing, and deterioration from carbon dioxide, chloride, and other chemicals. Engineers and architects often specify a minimum seven-day curing period in concrete structures, such as slabs on grade, driveways, sidewalks, and foundations. This is important in ensuring the concrete meets the design requirements and withstands the intended loads.

Concrete is a very durable material that can withstand immense amounts of force. It is also one of the most widely used materials in construction because it can withstand harsh conditions like extreme weather and blazing fires. It can also be easily molded into several different shapes and sizes, making constructing large structures like tunnels, bridges, high-rise buildings, dams, and other infrastructure easy.

Although strong, it needs proper reinforcements to ensure its structural integrity is not compromised over time. Choosing the right type and percentage of reinforcements is important because it will have a significant effect on how much load can be resisted by the concrete. Reinforcement is added to the concrete during the mixing process, and it can also be incorporated in situ using a formwork or poured into place with a tremie or other equipment.

After the concrete has been poured, it must be allowed to cure for a specified amount of time. During this time, it must be protected from water and extreme heat. This is done because heat and wind can dry out the moisture necessary for hydration to occur, which will affect the concrete’s strength development. It is also important to prevent freezing because this can damage the crystalline structure of the hydrated cement paste.

The curing process can be made more efficient with the help of several additives. Air entraining agents are often used to add and entrap tiny air bubbles in the concrete, which can reduce damage caused by freeze-thaw cycles. These additives can reduce the time it takes for concrete to reach a satisfactory strength level, which is a critical factor in its durability.

Crystalline admixtures can be added to concrete during mixing to lower its permeability. These additives can fill capillary pores and micro-cracks to block pathways for water and waterborne contaminants. They can also create a permanent waterproof barrier by crystallizing to seal the surface of the concrete. Finally, pigments can be added to the concrete during mixing to change color.

How to Choose Fencing Companies

When choosing a fencing contractor, it’s essential to consider the company’s reputation and experience. Avoid any companies that only accept cash or won’t provide written estimates.

Fencing Companies

A reputable fence installation company will have an online presence where customers can find reviews and recommendations from other homeowners. This is a good indicator of quality work and customer satisfaction. Contact Fence Companies Anchorage AK for professional help.

Fencing contractors are experts in their field, having accumulated years of experience. They’ll listen to your vision for your fence and make recommendations that will ensure its longevity, as well as work within the bounds of local ordinances. They’ll also be familiar with the types of materials that best fit your specific climate.

Professional contractors are also more efficient than a homeowner who tackles the project alone. They have staff with years of experience and expertise in carpentry, making the project run smoothly and preventing mistakes that can be costly or difficult to correct later on. This includes things like missing a utility line or building on someone else’s property. Professional companies have processes in place to identify and mark these lines before beginning work.

The best fencing companies will be accredited with the Better Business Bureau (BBB). This shows that they’re a legitimate business, and have gone to great lengths to meet the rigorous standards required by the BBB to achieve accreditation.

A reputable company will also be licensed and insured, which protects you against any damages caused during the installation process. This is particularly important for fencing projects, which require a large amount of labor and can be dangerous.

A reputable fencing company will also be known in their community, which can add value to your home if you ever decide to sell it. This is especially true if the fencing is made of premium materials and is installed to code. Buyers are often looking for these kinds of features when selecting a new home, and a good fence will quickly add to your home’s curb appeal. In addition to enhancing your home’s appearance, a high-quality fence can also increase its security and privacy.


A fencing company with a good reputation is likely to provide high-quality work and be able to meet deadlines. This can help you avoid costly mistakes, which could result in the cost of replacing or repairing a fence that was not done properly. In addition, a reputable fencing company will offer warranties and other customer service benefits that can save you money in the long run.

When selecting a fencing contractor, be sure to read online reviews. A good way to do this is by visiting the contractor’s Google Business page, which should contain a number of real reviews written by past customers. Also, ask the company for references. If they are hesitant to provide you with references, it may be a sign that they are not a trustworthy company.

Another important factor to consider is the amount of experience that a fencing contractor has. Many reputable fencing companies have years, if not decades, of experience building and maintaining enclosures for residential and commercial properties. This means that they have a strong understanding of the needs and desires of clients, which can help them create a customized fence that meets their unique needs.

One thing that sets some fence contractors apart from others is their ability to provide financing. This is especially helpful for homeowners who are unable to pay for their projects outright and need to borrow funds from one of the best home equity loans or HELOC lenders. In some cases, these companies can even provide a money-back guarantee for their services, which can be an excellent incentive for clients.


The fencing industry is a great choice for those who enjoy working outdoors and want to bring security to homes and businesses. It is a “need” demand product that has less risk than other home and business improvements such as kitchen countertops, swimming pools and cosmetic exterior siding. It also provides beauty, stability and privacy to properties.

Fencing companies have a variety of services available, including fence installation, repair and replacement, gate construction and repair, and perimeter access control systems. They can assist with planning and designing projects, preparing permits and providing inspections. They also have a range of products and materials to choose from, making it easy for clients to find the right options for their needs.

Before hiring a fence company, check their credentials. A reputable contractor should be licensed and insured to cover potential accidents on the job site or damage to your property during the work process. In addition, ask family and friends for recommendations and read online reviews of their work.

A fencing company should be able to provide a detailed estimate of the work that needs to be done, as well as give you a time frame for completion of the project. They should also have a list of the materials needed for the job and explain any extra fees that may be applicable.

A fencing company should be able to help determine property lines, as a fence can often encroach on the boundaries of neighboring yards. This can lead to fines, uncomfortable disputes and even legal action. It is also important to determine if the fence company will call the local utility marking service ahead of time, or if you need to do this on your own.


Fencing companies use a variety of materials to construct their fences. Some are more durable than others, and it’s important to know the material used before you sign a contract with a fencing company. For example, wrought iron fences are sturdy and will last for decades. They are also available in a wide range of colors and styles, so you can find one that fits your property’s aesthetics. It’s also a good idea to ask about the guarantees offered by fencing companies. These typically include a customer satisfaction promise and a labor warranty.

Some fence companies also offer a range of other security options, such as razor wire and barbed wire. These types of fences are ideal for businesses, especially those with large outdoor areas. They can be installed to prevent unauthorized access and protect employees, customers, and inventory. Steel fencing is also a great option for commercial properties because it’s highly durable and offers an excellent level of security.

Other fence materials that are often used by Fence Companies include vinyl and wood. Vinyl fences are popular because they don’t need to be stained and require less maintenance than other types of fencing. They also tend to be more affordable than other fence materials. Wood fences are another common choice, and they come in a variety of finishes. Some are treated with chemicals to resist rot and insects, while others are natural cedar or post-and-rail fences.

It’s also possible to create a fence from concrete, block, brick, and stone. These can add a stately, regal look to your home. However, these fences can be expensive and may need to be repaired over time.


When it comes to building fences, you have a variety of options to choose from. The price of materials and installation varies depending on the type and style of fence you choose. You also need to consider the costs of other services, such as stump or tree removal and land leveling.

Choosing the right materials can help you keep your fence installation costs down. For example, vinyl fences are less expensive than wood and offer a wide range of colors. They are also more durable and require less maintenance than traditional wood fences. Depending on your preferences, you can also install gates and add decor like finials, post caps, or gate posts.

Fencing companies are usually able to get discounted pricing on the materials they buy from suppliers because of the quantity that they order. In addition, they have the experience to know which materials will work best for your project. The size and length of the job also determines your fence installation costs. Larger jobs will cost more than smaller ones.

Some fencing contractors use post brackets instead of concrete when setting fence posts, which can cut the overall installation costs by a significant amount. This can be done at the same time as digging the holes or on a later visit.

You can save even more money by reusing components from an old fence. For example, if you have wood panels that are still in good condition, you can save a lot of money by leaving them in place and replacing only the posts.

If you’re looking to start a fencing business, it’s important to understand the business structure and registration requirements in your area. You’ll need a business license, general liability insurance, and an employer identification number (EIN). You should also research local laws and regulations to find out how to run your company effectively.